Key findings include:
- Species choice is a social as well as an economic and technical choice, because different people involved in land use have different objectives and preferences.
- Tree nursery producers, forest managers and sawmill businesses all influence species choice through supply and demand relations, as well as through preferences and shared values
- Stakeholders experience risk in different ways.
- Nursery businesses are bearing the most tangible component of risk at the outset, and paying the cost of low confidence in policy direction.
- Sawmills are adapting to a wide range of species, and more than they are usually credited with.
- The private investment forestry sector is the least interested in change, because most of their clients are driven by the search for high returns on their investments.
- Public forest managers are committed to diversification but are forced to take an experimental approach because of the scarcity of experience and site-specific information on cultivating alternative species.
- Both private and public forest managers identify deer populations, and their preference for browsing species other than spruce, as a particular constraint to commercial diversification.