Scotland’s nature is important to all aspects of our lives, but it also has some very specialised species that can help us monitor how healthy and clean our air is and how our climate is changing. These small but important organisms are also responsible for ecosystem services such as peat formation (Sphagnum mosses) and nutrient cycling (soil fungi).

This project has developed a publicly available online scenarios toolkit, which uses Scotland’s epiphytes to test different woodland management options across a range of climatic and tree disease scenarios. This scenarios type approach does not aim to accurately predict the future, but offers a platform for biodiversity decision-making under uncertainty, and the means to scope alternative adaptation options