Energy systems are undergoing significant, and in some areas very rapid change. The changes are complex and contested, shaped by a combination of top-down policy drivers and bottom-up forces.
Key issues are:
- decarbonisation, especially of heat;
- the drive for improved energy access and affordability;
- the changing techno-economics of energy supply and demand; and
- new patterns of ownership and use.
Understanding these changes, and their implications – and opportunities – for Scotland is a formidable challenge.
Scotland's first energy strategy sets out the Scottish Government’s vision for the future energy system in Scotland: