Traditionally Scotland's energy systems have relied on large centralised sources. The Scottish Government is now pursuing a policy of smarter, local models.

This project is part of looking at the the opportunities for, and implications of, Scotland moving towards smart local energy systems, driven by sustainable decarbonised energy resources.  The research team has developed the Energy Flow Scotland (EFS) toolset which draws on other models to quantify energy flows, including both the anticipated demand and likely supply of energy.

The models quantify predicted energy flows at a district level, allowing for analysis of local energy demand and resources at a local level under different future energy scenarios. As such the EFS toolset allows analysis of local energy demand and resources across Scotland under different future energy scenarios.

The summary report includes:

  • Development of the EFS toolset of electrical, heat and transport demand models, and renewable generation models.
  • Use of the EFS toolset to model how electrical energy flows may change at electrical grid supply points (GSPs) throughout Scotland under a particular 2030 electrified energy future scenario.
  • Analysis of how decarbonisation and decentralisation may impact electrical flows at particular GSPs, as well as discussion on the distinct challenges and opportunities at both urban and rural areas.
  • Description on how local energy balancing may be used to reduce the need for future network reinforcements.