This set of case studies reviews relevant national Climate Change and Energy strategies, plans and policies from elsewhere in Europe.

With a focus on heat, transport and agricultural policies, a range of countries were selected resulting in a suite of seven case studies: heat in Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden; transport in the Netherlands and Norway; and, agriculture in Denmark and France.

The research has shown that our case study countries are adopting a range of approaches to climate change policy which includes setting legally binding emissions reduction targets, implementing non-statutory targets, or simply following / committing to targets set by the EU for all member states.