Below are some of our recently updated projects. Visit the Publications Library for access to all of our research publications.

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Methane-reducing feed additives

In 2018, agriculture was responsible for 18% of Scotland’s total GHG emissions. More than half of this was attributed to methane, with most methane produced during digestion of feed by cattle and sheep. This rapid evidence assessment examines two feed additives – Bovaer and Agolin Ruminant (also known as RumiTech) – which are being developed to reduce these emissions.

Marginal abatement cost curve for Scottish agriculture

To ensure Scotland's climate change modelling uses the most recent data for agriculture, this research updates estimates of the mitigation potential and the cost-effectiveness of four farm technologies and practices which can reduce GHG emissions in Scotland. Some of these measures can be applied to multiple types of livestock, raising the number of mitigation options to 21.

The potential for leguminous crops in Scotland

This study assesses potential production of grain and forage legumes, such as beans, peas, lucerne and clover, in Scotland. As well as for nutrition, these crops can help fix atmospheric nitrogen, potentially reducing the need for synthetic fertiliser, a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions.

Perennial energy crops and their potential in Scotland: evidence review

This report examines the potential for a sustainable expansion of perennial bioenergy crop production on low-grade agricultural land or underutilised land, focusing on short rotation coppice, miscanthus and short rotation forestry. If Scotland is to achieve its net-zero greenhouse gas emissions target by 2045, bioenergy crops present an option as an integral part of the energy supply system.

Topsoil organic matter comparison tool

CXC commissioned the James Hutton Institute to develop a free, easy-to-use tool for land managers to enable them to compare the measured organic matter and carbon content of their topsoil to typical values for Scotland.

Measuring the vulnerability of Scottish soils to a changing climate

This study identifies the indicators which could support the monitoring of Scotland's soil health and measure the vulnerability of Scottish soils to climate change in future.

Land Suitability for Woodland Expansion in Scotland: update 2020

This short study updates an earlier analysis of the available land area that might be suitable for planting new woodlands. It finds the amount has increased by 10% to an estimated 2.96 million hectares.

Establishing a manure/slurry exchange in Scotland

A feasibility study into whether manure/slurry exchanges could be an effective tool in helping cut greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture.

Efficacy of nitrogen and urease inhibitors in Scotland - an evidence review

This evidence review considers the potential for nitrogen and urease inhibitors to support greenhouse gas emission reductions from fertiliser in Scotland.

Diversifying conifers in productive forests: stakeholders’ perspectives

This report considers the implications of a shift in forest management through the lens of species diversity.

Alternatives to horticultural peat in Scotland

A Rapid Evidence Assessment of the role of peat in UK growing media and the potential for alternatives.

Snow Cover and Climate Change in the Cairngorms National Park

Identifying trends for snow cover days in the Cairngorms National Park based historic temperature and precipitation data, observed snow cover days and climate projections.