Below are some of our recently updated projects. Visit the Publications Library for access to all of our research publications.

Or read more about our areas of expertise or the challenge we work on.

You are currently filtering for:
  • with the policy challange: Land use
clear filters
The potential for agroforestry to reduce net GHG emissions in Scotland through the Woodland Carbon Code

This report assesses the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through different forms of agroforestry. Agroforestry combines trees and agriculture on the same plot of land.

Managing permanent grasslands for carbon sequestration in Scottish soils

This project synthesises the best state of knowledge on the effect of management practices on soil carbon sequestration in permanent, managed Scottish grasslands and modelled potential application.

Scottish saltmarsh, sea-level rise, and the potential for managed realignment to deliver blue carbon gains

An assessment of the potential for managed realignment of Scotland’s coastline to create suitable areas for saltmarsh habitats within the intertidal environment specifically for blue carbon benefits.

Understanding carbon sequestration from nature-based solutions

This report examines the potential of nature-based solutions to contribute to Scotland’s net-zero emissions target while bringing biodiversity benefits.

Land Use Partnerships using a natural capital approach: lessons for Scotland

Regional Land Use Partnerships (RLUPs) are being set up in Scotland to help achieve climate change targets. This project examines evidence from the UK and Europe for the use of the natural capital approach in successful partnership-working across multiple sectors and landownership boundaries.

The Land Capability for Agriculture: building a tool to enable climate change assessments

This report explores the potential for a new research tool to estimate land capability under future climatic conditions - the Land Capability of Scotland research platform. It draws on the Land Capability for Agriculture (LCA) classification for Scotland.

Greenhouse gas emissions from Scottish farming: an exploratory analysis of the Scottish Farm Business Survey and Agrecalc

This report explores how data on emissions and nitrogen from the Scottish Farm Business Survey, using Agrecalc, can be used to help design policies aimed at reducing emissions in a sustainable way. Agrecalc is a farm carbon calculator used widely within Scotland.

Soil governance in Scotland: mapping the institutional architecture - update

This research updates CXC's 2018 Soil Governance in Scotland report to reflect changes in policy and legislation for the conservation and management of soil in Scotland, with extensions to consider soil carbon and biodiversity.

The potential for an agroecological approach in Scotland: policy brief

This policy brief examines five different agroecological approaches that are currently practised in Scotland to determine their potential to support the delivery of policy targets relating to climate change, biodiversity, and food production.

Monitoring soil health in Scotland by land use category - a scoping study

This short scoping study considers 13 potential indicators, identified in earlier CXC research, and considers their strategic relevance to monitoring soil health in the context of existing land use Scotland.

Behaviour change and attitudes in the Scottish agricultural sector – a rapid evidence assessment

To meet Scotland's net-zero target farmers need to adopt available emission-reduction technologies and practices. This study examines interventions to encourage practice change, and the key factors that influence successful adoption.

Drought risk in Scottish forests

Drought, as a significant risk to Scottish forests, is likely to be exacerbated by the changing climate. This report summarises the current state of research on drought risk, describes ongoing projects and identifies knowledge gaps and potential research directions.