Below are some of our recently updated projects. Visit the Publications Library for access to all of our research publications.

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Understanding carbon sequestration in upland habitats

This project reviews current knowledge of the potential for carbon sequestration in key Scottish upland open habitats and identifies the key drivers of change. Upland soils play a vital role in regulating greenhouse gas emissions.

Wild deer and climate change in Scottish woodlands

This short review explores the current state of knowledge on wild deer populations and how they effect carbon sequestration in Scottish woodlands.

Understanding the experiences of peatland restoration in Scotland

This report examines current experiences of peatland restoration, widely seen as having a significant role in addressing the global climate emergency. It also looks at the anticipated outcomes and factors influencing engagement with restoration and the prospects for upscaling restoration efforts going forward.

Peatland restoration and potential emissions savings on agricultural land

An assessment of the current evidence for the potential for emissions savings from re-wetting peatland currently used for agriculture in Scotland and alternative uses that might provide an economic return.

20 minute neighbourhoods in a Scottish context

This study considers the ambition for 20 minute neighbourhoods in Scotland, taking account of the differing settlement patterns across the country, and analyses international evidence of the success of interventions to achieve these ambitions.

Methane-reducing feed additives

In 2018, agriculture was responsible for 18% of Scotland’s total GHG emissions. More than half of this was attributed to methane, mostly from digestion of feed by cattle and sheep. This summary of a rapid evidence assessment examines feed additives developed to reduce these emissions.

Marginal abatement cost curve for Scottish agriculture

Updated estimates of the mitigation potential and the cost-effectiveness of four farm technologies and practices which can reduce GHG emissions in Scotland.

The potential for leguminous crops in Scotland

Assessing the potential production of grain and forage legumes, such as beans, peas, lucerne and clover, in Scotland. These crops can help fix atmospheric nitrogen, potentially reducing the need for synthetic fertiliser.

Perennial energy crops and their potential in Scotland: evidence review

This report examines the potential for a sustainable expansion of perennial bioenergy crop production on low-grade agricultural land or underutilised land, focusing on short rotation coppice, miscanthus and short rotation forestry.

Topsoil organic matter comparison tool

CXC commissioned the James Hutton Institute to develop a free, easy-to-use tool for land managers to enable them to compare the measured organic matter and carbon content of their topsoil to typical values for Scotland.

Measuring the vulnerability of Scottish soils to a changing climate

This study identifies the indicators which could support the monitoring of Scotland's soil health and measure the vulnerability of Scottish soils to climate change in future.

Land Suitability for Woodland Expansion in Scotland: update 2020

This short study updates an earlier analysis of the available land area that might be suitable for planting new woodlands. It finds the amount has increased by 10% to an estimated 2.96 million hectares.