ClimateXChange works with the Scottish Government on research evidence to help reduce our dependence high-carbon energy sources, and on efforts to improve energy efficiency and maximise economic value from the energy we use. This needs to be done in a way that is sustainable and also addresses issues like fuel poverty and affordability of energy for vulnerable consumers.

Current projects focus on energy efficiency and heat – looking in particular at Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme, local energy, and energy systems. This work is carried out mostly by our six Research Fellows at the University of Strathclyde and the University of Edinburgh.

Meet our energy researchers

Grant Allan

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Energy- Economy- Environmental modelling
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Grant is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Economics and Deputy Director of the Fraser of Allander Institute. His research interests are in applied regional economic analysis and modelling, particularly in the areas of energy and tourism. He is Director of Postgraduate Taught Programmes for the Department of Economics and Director of MSc in Applied Economics and MSc in Economics and Finance.

Christian Calvillo

Research Fellow
Research topic: Energy system impact of energy efficiency
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Christian’s research tends to focus on energy systems modelling and economic analysis, specifically smart city optimization models, renewable energy and electric vehicles. Some of his most recent work includes participating at the ‘Energy Efficiency Policy Analysis with TIMES: Considering Scottish Policy Concerns’ which focused on energy policy and energy efficiency.

Currently his project has two objectives: first, to explore the impacts of energy efficiency changes linked to the Scottish Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP). Secondly to consider how the Scottish TIMES energy system model and the Scottish Computable Generalised Equilibrium model AMOS, may be used alongside and complement other existing and potential new modelling platforms to provide additional insights on co-benefits of energy efficiency improvements.

Gioele Figus

Research Fellow
Research topic: The economy-wide impacts of energy policies
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Gioele is a research fellow based between the Fraser of Allander Institute (Economics) and the Centre for Energy Policy (Politics) at the University of Strathclyde. He has expertise in energy-economy-environmental modelling for the analysis of energy policies, and has conducted extensive research on the economy-wide impact of improvements in energy efficiency with a focus on Scotland and the UK.

His current project aims to:

  • assess the impact of energy efficiency policies linked to the Scottish Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP);
  • develop a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model of the Scottish economy that captures details about household consumption of heating and other energy services;
  • and link the energy-economic CGE model with the energy system model TIMES.

Stuart Galloway

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Data analytics related to smart energy
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Stuart is involved in the Institute for Energy and Environment within the University of Strathclyde and leads two research groups.

He researches, teaches and has expertise in a variety of subjects including Applied mathematical optimisation, Novel electrical systems, Electrical demand characterisation, Data analytics and Social and behavioural aspects of energy. However, his research remains focused on industrial application, human factors in energy and scenario development; shown through his projects which include ‘CXC Fellowship: Effectiveness of policies and Interventions’ and ‘A practical review of energy saving technology for ageing populations’.

Niall Kerr

Research Fellow
Research topic: Energy policy effectiveness
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Niall is a Research Fellow based within the Energy and Society research Group at the University of Edinburgh. He is currently working on the 'Effectiveness of Energy Policy and Interventions' project, developing a dedicated method for evidence review with respect to Scottish energy policy.

Niall’s most recent research (PhD) has considered some of the social and political aspects of efforts to energy efficiently retrofit existing buildings, considering the different political rationales for energy efficiency policy in different countries, the different narratives of home energy renovators and the overall public and private investment cases for energy efficiency.

Rory Telford

Research Fellow
Research topic: The energy system implications of a shift to more localised energy production
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Rory’s research assesses technical, economical and regulatory functions that will enable the transition to a decentralised energy system.

Based in Strathclyde, with a background in energy system modelling and electrical system analysis, Rory has been involved in a variety of projects as both a researcher and a Co-investigator. From his most recent project, his key research focuses on identifying the changes to heat and electricity networks required to accommodate local energy infrastructure. This helps suggest areas for policy focus that will support the development of appropriate institutional designs, technology development and actor strategies necessary to enable the LEI transition.

Karen Turner

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Energy Saving Innovations and Economy-wide Rebound Effects
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Karen is the Director of the Centre for Energy Policy at the International Public Policy Institute in the University of Strathclyde. She was the grant holder and one of only six-members of the ESRC Climate Change Leadership Fellows (2008 – 2010); who looked into ‘Investigating the pollution content of trade flows and the importance of 'environmental trade balances' in addressing the problem of climate change’.

Karen remains a Principal Investigator for the Engineering and Physical Sciences Council (EPSC) and so oversees much of the work done around this.

The main focus of her current research is investigating economy-wide rebound effects and macroeconomic impacts of energy efficiency enhancing and/or carbon reduction technologies such as CCS (The Carbon Capture and Storage Association).

Faye Wade

Research Fellow
Research topic: Energy policy effectiveness
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Faye is an interdisciplinary energy researcher with a particular interest in the built environment, and the work of building and construction professionals.

She is based within the Heat and the City research team at the University of Edinburgh working on the evaluation of the delivery of Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP). The SEEP pilots are Local Authority-led integrated energy efficiency pilots that encompass heating and insulation improvements in domestic and non-domestic buildings. The evaluation is investigating project governance, management, and partnership structures. It is also monitoring the energy savings resulting from the retrofits, and building occupants’ experiences. This includes analysing the effectiveness of the chosen delivery approaches in terms of their replicability and scalability given the diverse building stock and socio-economic circumstances of Scotland’s communities. This also considers the challenges of regulation and standards, skills, and supply chains.

Jan Webb

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Energy policy effectiveness
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Jan is Principal Investigator on our evaluation of Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP). Her research focuses on social studies of energy and climate change. In collaboration with the EPSRC Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand, she is part of a research group studying comparative European heat and energy efficiency policies and practices. Recent Heat and the City research focused on urban energy governance and organisation in globalising markets. Further work is analysing local engagement in energy developments (funding from Energy Technologies Institute and UK Energy Research Centre). Her research was used in 2017 Scottish Government Energy Strategy Consultations and 2013 UK Government Heat Strategy. Jan was also a member of the panel reviewing the Scottish definition of fuel poverty.

Mark Winskel

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Energy Policy and System Analysis
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Mark is a member of the CXC Directorate and Chancellor’s Senior Fellow and Senior Lecturer in the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies Group, in the School of Social and Political Science at the University of Edinburgh. He is a highly experienced interdisciplinary energy researcher and research manager, and was national Research Co-ordinator for UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) in ‘Phase 2’ (2009-14). His current research includes scenario analysis of UK energy system change for UKERC. His research interests are energy innovation and system change, expertise and inter-disciplinarityenergy policy and research-policy. Mark oversees our work on energy policy and energy systems analysis.