Scotland's climate has changed significantly over the last 50 years. Summers are becoming drier, winters wetter and we are having more heavy rainfall events. This affects many aspects of our lives. Climate change means more extreme events and unpredictable weather, and adapting has to be a continuous process.

ClimateXChange is focused particularly on Government policies that enable Scotland to become more resilient to the changing climate in agriculture, biodiversity, forestry and the built environment. We provided evidence and advice that underpins elements of Scotland's Climate Change Adaptation Programme (SCCAP). We have two Research Fellows working on developing research evidence for climate change adaptation, and monitoring and evaluation. In addition we use our SEFARI resource on project relating to soils, land use, peatlands etc.

Meet our adaptation researchers

Christopher Ellis

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Adaptation research representative
Email Christopher Website

Chris manages CXC’s Climate Change Adaptation work through the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, where he is Head of Cryptogamic Botany. Chris has also been the Regional Advisor for the International Association of Lichenology since 2009.

Chris’ research focuses on the integration of ecological processes across spatial-temporal scales. This creates a bridge between the control of species biogeography by larger-scale drivers - landscape-scale habitat structure, pollution and climate (including climate change) - and the species/community response to local habitat dynamics. Results are used in the development of conservation strategy, to protect against and redress impacts ranging from local habitat loss to global climate change.

Ruth Monfries

Research Fellow
Research topic: Climate Change Adaptation Research
Email Ruth Website

A member of the Adaptation team at the CXC, Ruth helps to inform policy decisions on Climate Change. She is based in the Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh and is currently working analysing gaps in adaptation policy. She has previously worked on our adaptation indicators with a particular focus on the natural environment. Ruth has a background as a researcher in VisitScotland and in aviation, working in flight operations as Aircraft Performance Manager before going on to complete an MSc in Carbon Management.

Anna Moss

Research Fellow
Research topic: Climate Change Adaption
Email Anna Website

Anna is an Associate in the Centre of Environmental Change and Human Resilience, the School of the Environment, University of Dundee. Her research is on the science of climate change adaptation, including developing indicators to inform the Scottish Climate Change Adaptation Programme and wider national adaptation decision making. The indicators are also used by the Committee on Climate Change in their assessments of Scotland's progress. She has a background researching the impact of climate change and habitat structure on the behaviour and population dynamics of grassland isopods.

John Rowan

Principal Investigator
Research topic: Climate Change Adaption Research
Email John Website

A Professor of Physical Geography in the University of Dundee, John is also a founding Director for the Centre for Environmental Change and Human Resilience (2009).

John’s research focuses on water and sediment dynamics, and more generally the sensitivity and resilience of environmental systems to perturbations including climate change. His current projects explore the utility of ecosystem-based adaptation of the ecosystem services concept with respect to natural flood management. He is also exploring the linkages between soil erosion and biodiversity in agro-ecosystems, and elucidating the biophysical linkages between hydromorphological pressures and ecological response – increasingly using remote sensing techniques.