ClimateXChange works with the Scottish Government on research evidence to help reduce our dependence high-carbon energy sources, and on efforts to improve energy efficiency and maximise economic value from the energy we use. This needs to be done in a way that is sustainable and also addresses issues like fuel poverty and affordability of energy for vulnerable consumers.
Scotland's climate has changed significantly over the last 50 years. Summers are becoming drier, winters wetter and we are having more heavy rainfall events. This affects many aspects of our lives. Climate change means more extreme events and unpredictable weather, and adapting has to be a continuous process.
This is a significant work area with importance for both reducing emissions and how we adapt to the changes we see in our climate. For example: Scotland’s peatlands and forests are important carbon sinks, through the soil and vegetation. Managing and expanding forests, and restoring peatland sites, are important to increase the carbon storage capacity and also to manage increased flood risk.
How do we know what the best approach is in making the low carbon transition happen? Our researchers are working to evaluate programmes and policies, or test innovative ways to engage with those who will be affected by a change in policy. We are currently involved in developing a methodology for evidence review, and in reviewing implementation of national policy at a local level, e.g. analysing the effectiveness of a chosen delivery approach in terms of being replicable and scalable.