Local food growing projects have the potential to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by reducing food transport distances, waste, packaging and meat consumption. They also have the potential to trigger associated behaviour change such as household composting and to deliver social, financial and health benefits.

The Scottish Government’s Climate Challenge Fund (CCF) provides funding for community groups that are tackling climate change through community-led local food growing projects. This study is intended to inform the evaluation and selection of such projects by the Scottish Government in the future.

To inform the evaluation of local food growing projects, it is essential to understand their potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This report quantifies the optimum greenhouse gas savings that may be achieved through good practice by analysing CCF funded projects and wider literature.

Based on this review, the report also provides best practice guidance for achieving optimum greenhouse gas abatement and improving the wider impacts of projects within the community.

This guidance will be used by the Scottish Government, Keep Scotland Beautiful, community groups, and the Climate Challenge Fund Grants Panel to improve the outcomes of CCF funded local food growing projects.

In 2008 the Moffat Centre published a comprehensive study on the economic impacts of wind farms on tourism in Scotland. It concluded that existing and proposed wind farm developments would have little overall economic effect on tourism in Scotland.

Given the increase in wind farm development in Scotland, the Scottish Government asked ClimateXChange to identify what new information exists on the impact on tourism of wind farms, and to consider what new conclusions may be drawn from this information.

We considered new evidence on public and tourist attitudes towards wind farms. We also analysed data from regions comparable to those studied by the Moffat Centre and found no evidence to suggest that subsequent wind farm development in these areas has had an adverse economic effect on tourism. Overall, we found no new evidence to suggest that wind farms are having a discernible negative economic impact on tourism in Scotland.

Our report has fed in to policy understanding of the wider implications of renewables development. We hope it will provide a useful starting point for further research in this important area.

In view of the on-going proposals for further wind farm developments, the Scottish Government asked ClimateXChange to compare approaches used in a wide variety of studies that have considered the impact of onshore and offshore wind farm development on tourism. The report was published in March 2015. It concludes that mixed and interdisciplinary methods can offer the most comprehensive understanding of the effects of wind farm developments on tourism and recommends an approach for future work.